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NACA Mortgage Program Guide

NACA Mortgage Program Guide

Harry Jensen, Trusted Mortgage Expert with 45+ Years of Experience
, Trusted Mortgage Expert with 45+ Years of Experience
NACA Mortgage Program Overview

The Neighborhood Assistance Corporation of America (NACA) is a non-profit, community advocacy and homeownership organization. NACA offers a home purchase mortgage program designed to make home ownership more attainable for more people, especially people with limited funds and challenging credit profiles.

In short, the NACA mortgage program enables eligible borrowers to purchase a home with no down payment, no closing costs or fees and no private mortgage insurance (PMI) using a fixed rate mortgage with an at or below market interest rate.

Although you are not required to pay standard mortgage closing costs such as lender, appraiser, title and settlement fees, you are required to prepay a year of property tax and homeowners insurance when your loan closes.  Most applicants are also required to pay for a property inspection report, a one-time membership fee to join NACA as well as a credit report fee.

You also need to come up with the funds for an earnest money deposit to secure the property you want to buy, although this deposit is typically returned to you at closing. Finally, you are required to hold savings in reserve at closing, the amount of which varies depending on your monthly payment and property type, which we outline below.

Important NACA Mortgage Program Considerations
Pros
  • Ability to purchase a home with no down payment or standard closing costs
  • At or below market interest rate on mortgage
  • Flexible borrower qualification guidelines including character-based borrower credit evaluation
  • Extensive home buyer education and counseling
Cons
  • More in-depth and potentially time-intensive application process compared to other mortgage programs
  • The program is not available in all states although availability is expanding
  • You are required to pay for property tax, homeowners insurance and other expenses at closing
  • Reserve requirement
  • Loan limits
  • Ongoing volunteer requirement

NACA is not a lender and does not offer mortgages directly to borrowers. Instead, the NACA mortgage program is offered through participating lenders, primarily Bank of America and Citibank.  We outline the key terms and requirements of the program below.  You can learn more about the program, including how to apply, by visiting the NACA web site.

Key NACA Home Loan Program Terms
Loan Purpose
  • Home purchase or purchase and renovation / rehabilitation
Required Down Payment
  • $0
Mortgage Program
  • Fixed rate mortgage
Mortgage Term
  • 15 or 30 year
Interest Rate
  • At or below current market rates
Interest Rate Buy-Down
  • Borrower has the option to buy-down the interest rate to 0% by increasing the mortgage amount, paying out of pocket or using gifts / grants
Standard Closing Costs
  • $0
Prepaid Closing Cost Items
  • You are required to prepay homeowners insurance and property tax for a year at closing, which can cost thousands of dollars depending on your property value and other factors
Other Closing Fees
  • Property inspection report fee
  • NACA membership fee
  • Credit report fee (if applicable)
Reserve Requirement
  • You are required to hold savings in reserve when your mortgage closes
  • The financial reserve requirement depends on how much your total monthly housing expense -- which includes your mortgage payment, property tax, homeowners insurance and any other applicable costs such as HOA or co-op dues -- increases as compared to your current housing cost and the property type
  • If your payment shock -- which is the increase in your monthly housing expenses -- is less than $300, you are required to hold reserves equal to one month of total monthly housing expense
  • If your payment shock is more than $300, you are required to hold reserves equal to two months of total monthly housing expense
  • If you are buying a multi-unit property (up to four units), the reserve requirement is four-to-six months
Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)
  • NACA borrowers are not required to pay PMI
Application Fee
  • $0
Points
  • You can elect to pay discount points to lower your mortgage rate but this is not required and completely up to the applicant to decide
Minimum Credit Score
  • None / character-based borrower credit evaluation
Pre-Payment Penalty?
  • None
Balloon Payment
  • None
Maximum Income Level
  • None
Property Location
  • Must be located in an area where NACA is licensed.  NACA has approximately 50 offices across the U.S. and is also licensed in several states in which it does not have an office.
  • NACA offers an interactive map of its locations and you can contact NACA to determine if the program is offered in your state
Maximum Property Value
  • There is no maximum property value (purchase price plus cost of any repairs) for borrowers whose gross income is less than 100% of the median income for the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) where the property is located or if the property is located in a "targeted area."  A targeted area is a census track where the median income is less than 100% of the median income for the MSA in which the census track is located.
  • Please note that although there is no maximum property value for borrowers whose income is less than 100% of the median income for an MSA or if the property is located in a targeted area, all borrowers are bound by the conforming loan limit of $548,250 for a single unit property.
Property Ownership
  • The borrower cannot own another property
Property Occupancy
  • The borrower must reside in the property being financed and purchased
Borrower Volunteer Requirement
  • Borrowers are required to volunteer at five housing advocacy events per year
  • Examples of volunteer activities include demonstrations, preparing mailers or other housing advocacy events

A mortgage program with below-market mortgage rates, no down payment requirement and no closing costs may sound too good to be true so it is important to highlight the program’s unique qualification requirements.  Program participants must adhere to the NACA mortgage application and home purchase process which can be more time consuming and information-intensive than the standard mortgage process.  The NACA process requires that borrowers provide a budget for the past three to six months, a debt payment and cash flow history and borrowers must show income stability.  Borrowers must also provide full documentation of income, assets and debt including 90 days of bank statements (self-employed borrowers must provide twelve months of bank statements).

We recommend that you compare the loan terms and eligibility requirements for a NACA mortgage to the terms and guidelines for other no or low down payment programs.  Contact lenders listed in the table below to determine the programs they offer and request loan proposals.  Comparing multiple lenders and loan programs enables you to find the mortgage that is right for you.

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Current FHA Mortgage Rates in Ashburn, Virginia as of January 16, 2021
  • Lender
  • APR
  • Loan Type
  • Rate
  • Payment
  • Fees
  • Contact
View All Lenders

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Data provided by Brown Bag Marketing, Inc. Payments do not include amounts for taxes and insurance premiums. Read through our lender table disclaimer for more on rates and product details.
NACA Program Timeline

Because of its requirements, you may be concerned that the NACA application process puts borrowers at a disadvantage when buying a home.  Home sellers typically prefer buyers that move fast and place fewer conditions and contingencies on an offer.  NACA has implemented several steps to address these concerns and make sure that the application process does hinder your ability to buy a home.

According to NACA, once a home purchase agreement has been submitted, most closings take place within 28 days. This helps to mitigate potential concerns from home sellers that it takes longer for NACA members to complete the mortgage and purchase process. In addition, the organization offers “Achieve the Dream” events which combine the first four steps of the NACA process (workshop, document submission, counseling and underwriting review) into a single event where applicants can be approved for the program in as little as one day.

Key NACA Qualification Requirements

The NACA Program is well-suited for borrowers with low credit scores or limited credit histories.  Instead of solely relying on your credit report and score, NACA applies a rigorous character-based approach to determine a borrower’s credit-worthiness.  For example, a borrower is not penalized if he or she experienced financial hardship due to high medical expenses caused by an illness.

Borrowers must demonstrate the ability to afford their total monthly housing expense which includes your mortgage payment plus property tax, homeowners insurance and homeowner association fees, if applicable. NACA compares borrowers' monthly income and debt (including credit card, student and auto loans and alimony payments) to their total monthly housing expense to determined their ability to qualify for a mortgage and participate in the program.  Borrowers’ financial situations including their monthly income, debt and savings cannot fluctuate significantly during the application process and after their mortgage closes.  Borrowers may also be required to provide cancelled rent checks during the application process.

We summarize the NACA mortgage application and home buying process below and you can find more detailed information on the NACA web site.

NACA Mortgage Application and Home Buying Process Steps
1) Attend a Home Buyer Workshop
  • All applicants must attend a free educational home buyer workshop
2) Attend a Housing Counseling Class
  • Meet with a housing counselor one or multiple times to determine your ability to qualify for a NACA mortgage
3) Review Mortgage Options and NACA Program
  • Review the mortgage programs available through the NACA program
4) Housing Search
  • Attend a NACA Purchase Workshop that review the home purchase process
  • Work with a real estate agent to find a home you can afford
5) Purchase and Sale Contract
  • Negotiate and execute the purchase and sale contract for the property you want to buy
  • Your NACA counselor must review the contract including your mortgage amount
6) Property Condition
  • The property you want to buy must be inspected by a NACA-approved home and/or pest inspector
  • Significant property issues such as structural damage may need to be fixed before the mortgage closes
7) NACA Credit Access and Lender Application
  • Receive NACA credit access from your NACA mortgage consultant and submit your mortgage application to a participating lender
8) Mortgage Processing and Underwriting
  • NACA works with your lender to ensure that the mortgage application review and underwriting process goes smoothly
9) Mortgage Closing
  • Sign all the necessary documents to close your mortgage and take ownership of the property
  • Do not sign mortgage documents unless you are completely satisfied with the terms of your mortgage
10) Post-Purchase Program
  • NACA provides a post-purchase program to assist borrowers with any mortgage challenges they encounter after their mortgage closes

Use the FREEandCLEAR Lender Directory to search for twenty-five mortgage programs including many no or low down payment options

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Related FREEandCLEAR Resources

Sources

"Steps to Homeownership."  NACA.  Neighborhood Assistance Corporation of America, 2020.  Web.

"NACA Offices."  NACA.  Neighborhood Assistance Corporation of America, 2020.  Web.

About the author
Harry Jensen, Mortgage Expert

Harry is the co-founder of FREEandCLEAR. He is a mortgage expert with over 45 years of industry experience. Over his career, Harry has closed thousands of loans for satisfied borrowers and now offers his advice and insights on FREEandCLEAR.  Harry is a licensed mortgage professional (NMLS #236752). More about Harry

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